Bible Word Study without Knowing Hebrew or Greek
1. Identify the Hebrew or Greek word.
|The Crossway Comprehensive Concordance of the Holy Bible: ESV||Zondervan NASB Exhaustive Concordance|
|The NIV Exhaustive Concordance (example below)||The New Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible (KJV) (example below)|
|The NKJV Exhaustive Concordance|
|The Interlinear Bible Hebrew-Greek-English||The Parallel New Testament in Greek and English with Interlinear Translation.|
|The NIV Interlinear Hebrew-English Old Testament||Interlinear for the Rest of Us: The Reverse Interlinear for New Testament Word Studies (NIV)|
|Hebrew Interlinear Bible (OT - online)|
3. Software or website
|Blue Letter Bible||BibleStudyTools.com||STEP: Scripture Tools for Every Person Bible Hub|
Example: χάρίς would be transliterated as charis
The following resources have a list of corresponding Strong and G/K numbers:
|The Hebrew-Greek Key Study Bible: New International Version||The NIV Exhaustive Concordance|
2. Find the meaning of the Hebrew or Greek word.
|Expository Dictionary of Bible Words||The NIV Theological Dictionary of New Testament Words|
|Mounce's Complete Expository Dictionary of Old & New Testament Words||Old Testament Word Studies|
|New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology||Theological Dictionary of the New Testament|
|New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis||Vine's Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words (example below)|
|New International Encyclopedia of Bible Words||Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words (online) (example)|
3. Learn what the Hebrew or Greek word means in context.
1st. How is the word used in the verse?
Example: 1 Thess. 4:3 What does sanctified or holy mean? abstaining from sexual immorality
2nd. How is the word used in the paragraph?
Example: In 1 Cor 13:12, when is then? at the time they saw themselves face to face and at the time they recognized as they are recognized. Then referred to what happened in the illustration.
3rd. How is the word used in the book?
Example: 1 Tim. 1:10 What is sound doctrine? The Greek word means healthy which corresponds to other medical terms in 1 Timothy. Sound doctrine is doctrine that is opposed to false teaching.
4th. How is the word used by the same author in another book?
Example: John 1:4-9 talked about Jesus being the light and 1 John 1:5-7 talked about God being the light.
5th. How is the word used in the same Testament?
Example: John 3:16 "For God so loved..." What does the word so mean? The English word so means to such a great extent or and for this reason. But in Matt 6:9 "In this manner, therefore, pray", the word is translated in this manner.
6th. How is the word used in the other Testament?
Example: In Luke 14:26 Jesus told His disciples to hate their father and mother, yet in Ex 20:12 God told His people to honor their father and mother. Matthew 10:37 resolves it. Jesus told them not to love father or mother more than Him.
7th. How is the word used in the biblical time and culture?
Example: 2 Tim. 2:4 In Greek literature word for entangled means an animal caught in thorns.
4. Avoid common mistakes.
Example: Rom. 1:16 Dynamite is derived from the Greek word dynamis which is translated as power in most English Bibles, but God's power is never
pictured in the Bible as something that blows things apart.
Example: 2 Cor. 7:10 Repentance (metanoeo in Greek) is derived from two Greek words, i.e. meta which means after and nous which means mind.
However, metanoeo in the N.T. means a change of life, not just a change of mind.