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Citation Guide: APA

In Text Citations

1. If there is no author, use a few words of the title or the whole title, if it is short,
    in place of an author name. For example: use (Merriam, 1993) for a book
    entitled Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary that was published in 1993.
    Use double quotation marks around the title of an article, chapter, or website,   
    and italicize the title of a book, brochure, or report.

2. If there is no publication date, cite the author’s last name followed by a comma
    and “n.d.” For example: (Smith, n.d.)

3. When quoting, always cite the author, year, and page number(s). For example:         
    “The ‘placebo effect’ disappeared when behaviors were studied in this manner”

    (Miele, 1993, p. 276).

4. Within a paragraph, the year in subsequent references is not needed. For
    example: Walker (2000) described the method...Walker also found...

5. For electronic sources that do not provide page numbers, use the paragraph
    number, if available, preceded by the abbreviation “para.” For example: (Myers,
    2000, para. 5)

Reference List

1. Double-space entries.
2. Put first line of citation at left margin and indent other lines.
3. Author
    * Include author’s last name and initials of author’s first and middle names.
    * Alphabetize by author’s or editor’s last name or by first significant word in title
      (if there is no author or editor or if there is a group author).
 4. Date - Place parentheses around publication year. If there is no date, n.d.
     in parentheses.
 5. Title - Capitalize only first word of title and subtitle and all proper nouns.
 6. Publication information
     * Provide location of publisher. Exception: location of publisher not needed for
       journals, newsletter, and magazines.
     * Provide name of publisher in as brief form as possible. Example: Use
       Eerdmans for William B. Eerdmans Publishers.
 7. Electronic Resources
     * APA does not require a retrieval date for most items.
     * Preference for retreval information is DOI (Digital Object Indentifier).
     * If there is no DOI, include the URL or name of database.