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Citation Guide: APA

No Author (APA Manual 6.15, pp. 176-177, 6.25, p. 183, 6.27, p. 184)

In Text:
     in the publication "EPA Finalizes Refinery Rules" (2008) reaction. . .

Reference List:
     EPA finalizes refinery rules. (2008) Chemical Engineering Progress, 104(6), 20-21.

 

One Author (APA Manual 6.11, p. 174, Table 6.1, p. 177, 6.27, p. 184)

In Text:
     In a recent study of reaction times Guymon (2009) described the method...

Reference List:    
     Guymon, C. (2009, November). High-sensitivity molecular recognition with light-
          induced polymerization. Trends in Biotechnology, 26(11), 581-583. doi:10.1016
          /j.tibtech.2008.07.005

 

Two Authors (APA Manual 6.12, p. 175, Table 6.1, p. 177, 6.27, p. 184)

In Text:
     In a recent study of reaction times (Franko & Sook, 2008)...

In Text:
     This does not negate the work of Franko and Sook (2008) for reaction times...
     Note: Use "&" within parentheses and "and" in text.

Reference List:
     Franko, T. J., & Sook, G. E., (2008). Chemical reaction engineering. Austin, TX:
          University of Texas Press.
     Note: Always cite both names.

 

Three to Five Authors (APA Manual 6.12, p. 175, Table 6.1, p. 177, 6.27, p. 184)

In Text:
     In a recent study of reaction times (Smith, Rosenkof, & Derminko, 2004)... This does not
     negate the work of their study of reaction times (Smith et al., 2004)...
     Note: Cite all authors’ names the first time reference occurs. After that, include only last name
     of first author followed by “et al.”

Reference List:
     Smith, S. J., Rosenkof, S., & Derminko, L.R. (2004). Chemical bonding: Theory and practice.
          Washington, DC: American Chemical Society.

 

Six or Seven Authors (APA Manual 6.12, p. 175, Table 6.1, p. 177, 6.27, p. 184)

In Text:
     In a recent study of reaction times (Brock et al., 2009)...
     Note: Cite only first authors’ last name followed by “et al.”

Reference List:
     Kernis, M. H., Cornell, D. P., Sun, C. R., Berry, A., Harlow, T., & Bach, J. S. (1993).
          There's more to self-esteem than whether it is high or low: The importance of         

          stability of self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 1190-
          1204.

 

Eight or More Authors (APA Manual 6.12, p. 175, 6.27, 7.01 (# 2), pp. 198, 199)

In Text:
     This does not negate the work of Miller et al. (2009)
     Note: Cite only first authors’ last name followed by “et al.”

Reference List:

     Miller, F. H., Choi, M. J., Angeli, L. L., Harland, A. A., Stamos, J. A., Thomas, S. T.,
          . . . Rubin, L. H. (2009). Web site usability for the blind and low-vision user.
          Technical Communication, 57, 323-335.
     Note: List the first six author's names, then insert an ellipsis, and add the last author's

     name.

 

Group Author (APA Manual 6.13, p. 176, Table 6.1, p. 177, 6.27, p. 184)

In Text:
     In a recent study by the National Institutes of Mental Health (2009)...and this agrees with
         
it (NIMH, 2009).
     Note: Spell out full name of group author each time it appears in text. You may abbreviate
     in subsequent citations in parentheses.

Reference List:
     National Institutes of Mental Health. (2002). Medications. Bethesda, MD: National Institutes
          of Mental Health.