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How To Do Research: Making Your Own Discoveries & Conclusions

IRB


Approval is needed if your research involves human samples.

Submit a Proposal to conduct research form to the IBR for approval prior to proceeding with their research.

Good Examples

Research Question - question that the research project sets out to answer.

Characteristics

  1. Qualitative Research
  2. Stated as a question
  3. Answerable

Examples

  1. Is there a relationship between a person's age and their favorite day of the week?
  2. What is the effect of sport involvement on adolescents' physical self-concept?
  3. What resources would be helpful to new and minority drug abuse researchers?
  4. What candidate are California voters most likely to support for president?
  5. What percentage of participants in this study are women?
  6. Why do teenagers join street gains?
  7. Does increased levels of stress lead to decreased levels of health?
  8. Why do some teenagers apparently become violent after playing violent video games while others are unaffected?

Hypothesis - tentative prediction about the relationship between two or more variables

Characteristics

  1. Quantitative Research
  2. States specific predictions
  3. Testable
  4. Clear, testable statement

Examples

  1. It is predicted that female participants will nominate their favorite sense of smell more frequently than male participants.
  2. Older people will report more positive attitudes towards smoking than younger people.
  3. Those researchers who utilize an online grant writing tutorial will have higher priority scores on their next grant application than those who do not.
  4. Publicly traded firms will have higher growth rates than privately held firms.
  5. The Bowen technique will have no significant effect on learners' pronunciation.
  6. I predict that increased levels of stress will lead to decreased levels of health.

Research Your Topic

Make Your Own Discoveries & Conclusions about Your Topic

Define the Issue or Problem

Define the Issue or Problem

Defining the issue or problem guides the research
 

The issue or problem should point to:

1. Gap in knowledge

2. Unclear situation

3. Unresolved questions

4. Lack of information

5. An unknown

6. Specific question to be investigated and

    answered

7. Problem to be researched and solved

Taken from Your Guide to Writing Quality Research Papers for Students of Religion and Theology by Nancy J. Vyhmeister and Terry D. Robertson, 2014.

 

Research Question and/or Hypothesis

Choose a Good Research Question and/or Hypothesis

Consider the information you learned from Scholars

when writing a Research Question

 

See some examples of good Research Questions and Hypotheses

 
 

Plan Your Research

How am I going to do this?

1. Choose your research method.

                    Questions to Consider

  • Who or what will you study? (ex; human, animal, chemicals)
  • How will you obtain your data?
  • Where will you collect your data?
  • When and how often will you collect your data?
  • What tools will you use to measure your data? 
  • How will you analyze your data? 
  • What are the possible causes and effects?
  • What are the relationships between the factors being tested?
Taken from "Introduction to Research" - a presentation by Dr. Aleda Chen, Assistant Professor of Pharmacy Practice in the School of Pharmacy at Cedarville University.
 

    Examples:    

Case Studies Focus Groups Observation    
Experiment Historical Research Questionnaires  
Ethnographic Research Interviews Surveys  
 
2. List your steps of research.
3. Implement your plan for your own research.
4. Enter data about your samples into a spreadsheet or computer
    software.

Your Conclusion

What Is Your Conclusion?

1. Draw a conclusion based upon what Scholars say and what

    you have discovered.

2. Analyze your arguments for soundness, truth, and

    relevance.

3. Prepare for objections that might be raised.

Help Is Here!

Teachers & Librarians 
can help you with
your research!

Analyze & Interpret Data From Your Own Research

Analyze & Interpret Data from Your Research

1. Analyze data about your

    samples.

    -Computer software can
     help, such as Basic
     science, SPSS, SAS,

     STATA, NVivo, ATLAS

2. Interpret data about your
    samples and draw

    conclusions.

    -Explain how the data
     supports or undermines

     your hypothesis.

    -Explain how your analysis
     and interpretation of your
     data agree or disagree

     with Scholars.

All information above adapted from Introduction to Research, a presentation by Dr. Aleda Chen, Assistant Professor of Pharmacy Practice in the School of Pharmacy at Cedarville University

Outline or Spider Diagram

Consider making a tentative outline or spider diagram of main points and subpoints.

Adjust it as you research.