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Citation Guide: AMA

Online Journals

AMA Manual 2.10.2; 3.4; 3.15.1

· Citation elements

   Author(s). Article title. Journal Name. Year;vol(issue No.): inclusive

   pages. URL. Published [date]. Updated [date]. Accessed [date].

· Use the URL that takes the reader most directly to the article.

· Articles published in print and online

   Cite the version of the article that was consulted.

  1. Deeks JJ, Smith LA, Bradley MD. Efficacy, tolerability, and upper
      gastrointestinal saftety of celecoxib of treatment of osteoarthritis and
      rheumatoid arthritis: systematic review of randomised controlled trials.
      BMJ. 2002;325(7365): 619. http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content
      /full/325/7365/619. Published September 21, 2002. Accessed October
      11, 2002.

· Articles published online before print

   Use the date it was published online with the digital object identifier

   (DOI).

  5. van der Hoek L, Pyrc K, Jebbink MF, et al. Identification of a new human
      coronavirus [published online ahead of print March 21, 2004]. Nat Med.
      2004;10(4):368-373. doi:10.1038,nm1024
 
· Articles published online only
 

   1. Online articles may not have page numbers or other identifiers.

  1. Gore D, Haji SA, Balashanmugam A, et al. Light and electron
      microscopy of macular corneal dystrophy: a case study. Digit J
      Ophthalmol. 2004;10. http://www.djo.harvard.edu/site.php?url=/

      physicians/oa/671. Accessed December 6, 2005.

  2. e-Health Ethics Initiative. e-Health Code of Ethics. J Med Internet Res.
      2000;2(2):e9. http.//www.jmir.org/2000/2/e9. Published May 24, 2000.
      Accessed April 29, 2004.
 
   2. Cite the DOI instead of the URL and access date whenever it is

       available.

   3. Insert a space at the end of the record before the doi:, place the

       DOI immediately after doi:, and place a period at the end.

   4. Do not put an access date at the end of the DOI.

  3. Kitajima TS, Kawashima SA, Watanabe Y. The conserved kinetochore
      protein shugoshin protects centromeric cohesion during meiosis. Nature.
      2004;427(6974): 510-517. doi:10.1038/nture02312.

Print Journals - Citation

 AMA Manual 3.4, 3.11.1

· Include the following in Reference list:

   1. Authors' surnames and initials
   2. Title of article and subtitle, if any
   3. Abbreviated name of journal (in italics)
   4. Year
   5. Volume number
   6. Issue number
   7. Part or supplement number, when pertinent

   8. Inclusive page numbers

· Citation elements

   Author(s). Article title. Journal Name. Year;vol(issue No.): inclusive

   pages.

  1. Deeks JJ, Smith LA, Bradley MD. Efficacy, tolerability, and upper
      gastrointestinal saftety of celecoxib of treatment of osteoarthritis and
      rheumatoid arthritis: systematic review of randomised controlled trials.
      BMJ. 2002;325(7365): L619-623.

Print Journals - No Author, Authors & Group, or Discussants

AMA Manual 3.11.11-12

· Begin the citation with the name of the committee or group followed
   by a period - IF there is no named author or the author is a

   committee(s) or group(s).

  7. Eye Diseases Prevalence Research Group. Prevalence of age-related
      macular degeneration in the United States.
    
· Begin the citation with individual author(s) followed by the name of
   the Committee(s) or group(s) - IF the material is referenced by
   individual(s) and committee(s) or group(s).
· Place a semicolon before the committee(s) or group(s) and a period
   after them.
· Do not place an article (e.g. the) before a committee(s) or group(s)
   name.
· Begin the citation with the discussant's name followed by "In
   discussion of:" and the author(s) of piece discussed - IF the reference

   citation in the text names a discussant rather than an author(s).

  as noted by Easter

  8. Easter DW. In discussion of: Farley DR, Greenlee SM, Larson DR,
      Harrington JR. Double-blind, prospective, randomized study of warmed
      humidified carbon diaoxide insufflation vs standard carbon dioxide for
      patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.