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Citation Guide: Chicago

      Author or Editor

Chicago Manual 14.23, 75-79, 84, 104, 122, 260; 15.9, 37

 See examples below for:

 

      No Author or Edictor
 


Notes-Bibliography Style

       1st Footnote or Endnote
           16. A True and Sincere Declaration of the Purpose and Ends of the Plantation
      
Begun in Virginia, of the Degrees Which It Hath Received, and Means by Which
       It Hath Been Advanced (London, 1610).

       Bibliography
       A True and Sincere Declaration of the Purpose and Ends of the Plantation
          
Begun in Virginia, of the Degrees Which It Hath Received, and Means by
           Which It Hath Been Advanced. London, 1610.



Author-Date Style

       1st Parenthetical Note
       (Plantation Begun in Virginia 1610)

       Reference List
       A True and Sincere Declaration of the Purpose and Ends of the Plantation
          
Begun in Virginia, of the Degrees Which It Hath Received, and Means by
           Which It Hath Been Advanced. 1610. London.

      One Author

Notes-Bibliography Style

       1st Footnote or Endnote
           8. Malcolm Gladwell, The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big
      
Difference (Boston: Little, Brown, 2000), 64-65.

       Bibliography
       Gladwell, Malcolm. The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference.
           Boston: Little, Brown, 2000.



Author-Date Style

       1st Parenthetical Note
       (Gladwell 2000, 64-65)

       Reference List
       Gladwell, Malcolm. 2000. The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big
          
Difference. Boston: Little, Brown.

 

       One Editor


Notes-Bibliography Style

       1st Footnote or Endnote
           10. Joel Greenberg, ed. Of Prairie, Woods, and Water: Two Centuries of
      
Chicago Nature Writing (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008), 75-80.

       Bibliography
       Greenberg, Joel, ed. Of Prairie, Woods, and Water: Two Centuries of Chicago
           Nature Writing
. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.



Author-Date Style

       1st Parenthetical Note
       (Greenberg 2008, 75-80)

       Reference List
       Greenberg, Joel, ed. 2008. Of Prairie, Woods, and Water: Two Centuries of Chicago
           Nature Writing
. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

     Two or Three Authors

 

Notes-Bibliography Style

       1st Footnote or Endnote
           2. Joe Soss, Richard C. Fording, and Sanford F. Schram, Discipling the Poor:
        
Neoliberal Paternalism and the Persistent Power of Race. (Cambridge: Cambridge
        
University Press, 2011), 135-36.

       Bibliography
       Soss, Joe, Richard C. Fording, and Sanford F. Schram. Discipling the Poor:
          
Neoliberal Paternalism and the Persistent Power of Race. Chicago: University
          
of Chicago Press, 2011.

 

Author-Date Style

       1st Parenthetical Note
       (Soss, Fording, and Schram 2011, 135-36) 

       Reference List
       Soss, Joe, Richard C. Fording, and Sanford F. Schram. 2011. Discipling the Poor:
           Neoliberal Paternalism and the Persistent Power of Race
. Chicago: University
           of Chicago Press.

 

Two or Three Editors


Notes-Bibliography Style

       1st Footnote or Endnote
           1. W.F. Garrett-Petts, James F. Hoffman, and Ginny Ratsoy, eds., Whose
       Culture Is It, Anyway?: Community Engagement in Small Cities (Vancouver, BC:
       New Star Books, 2014), 48.

       Bibliography
       ​Garrett-Petts, W.F., James F. Hoffman, and Ginny Ratsoy, eds. Whose Culture
          
Is It, Anyway?: Community Engagement in Small Cities. Vancouver, BC: New            
           Star Books, 2014.

 

Author-Date Style

       1st Parenthetical Note
       (Garrett-Petts, Hoffman, and Ratsoy 2014, 48) 

       Reference List
       ​Garrett-Petts, W.F., James F. Hoffman, and Ginny Ratsoy, eds. 2014. Whose
           Culture Is It, Anyway?: Community Engagement in Small Cities.
Vancouver,
           BC: New Books.

      Four or More Authors

 

Notes-Bibliography Style

       1st Footnote or Endnote
           6. Edward O. Laumann et al., The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual

       Practices in the United States (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994), 262.

       Bibliography
       Laumann,
Edward O., John H. Gagnon, Robert T. Michael, and Stuart Michaels.
           The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States.
           Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.

           More than 10 authors: List first 7 authors followed by et al.

 

Author-Date Style

       1st Parenthetical Note
       (Laumann et al. 1994, 262)

       Reference List
       Laumann, Edward O., John H. Gagnon, Robert T. Michael, and Stuart Michaels.

           1994. The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United
           States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

 

Four or More Editors

 

Notes-Bibliography Style

       1st Footnote or Endnote
           6. Jeri A. Schzer et al., eds. Women and Mental Health.
(Baltimore: Jones,
       Hopkins University Press, 1996) 240.

       Bibliography 
       Sechzer, Jeri A., Sheila M. Pfaffilin, Florence L. Denmark, Anne Griffin, and
           Susan J. Blumenthal, eds. Women and Mental Health. Baltimore: Jones,
           Hopkins University Press, 1996.

           More than 10 editors: List first 7 editors followed by et al.

 

Author-Date Style

       1st Parenthetical Note
       (Schzer et al. 1996, 240)

       Reference List
       Sechzer, Jeri A., Sheila M. Pfaffilin, Florence L. Denmark, Anne Griffin, and

           Susan J. Blumenthal, eds. 1996. Women and Mental Health. Baltimore:
           Jones Hopkins University Press.

  Author Plus Editor

 

Notes-Bibliography Style

       1st Footnote or Endnote
           18. Jane Austin, Persuasion: An Annotated Edition, ed. Robert Morrison.
       (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2011), 311-12.

       Bibliography
       Austin, Jane. Persuasion: An Annotated Edition. Edited by Robert Morrison.    
          
Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2011.

 

Author-Date Style

       1st Parenthetical Note
       (Austen 2011, 311-12)

       Reference List
        Austin, Jane. 2011. Persuasion: An Annotated Edition. Edited by Robert Morrison.
            Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

    Author Plus Translator

Notes-Bibliography Style

       1st Footnote or Endnote
           22. Sergei Eisenstein, Film Sense, trans. Jay Leyda (London: Faber and Faber,
       1968), 14-15.

       Bibliography
       Eisenstein, Sergei. Film Sense. Translated by Jay Leyda. London: Faber and Faber,

           1968.

 

Author-Date Style

       1st Parenthetical Note
       (Eisenstein 1968, 14-15) 

       Reference List
       Eisenstein, Sergei. 1968. Film Sense. Translated by Jay Leyda. London: Faber
           and Faber.

                                      Organization as Author


Notes-Bibliography Style

       1st Footnote or Endnote
           52. American Bar Association, The 2010 Federal Rules Book (Chicago: American
       Bar Association, 2010), 221.

       Bibliography
       American Bar Association, The 2010 Federal Rules Book. Chicago: American Bar
           Association, 2010.

 

Author-Date Style

       1st Parenthetical Note
       (American Bar Association 2010, 221)

       Reference List
       American Bar Association. 2010. The 2010 Federal Rules Book. Chicago: American
           Bar Association. 

 

    Author & Editor for Each Volume of Multivolume Set
 

Notes-Bibliography Style

       1st Footnote or Endnote
       40. Barbara E. Mundy, "Mesoamerican Cartography," in The History of Cartography,
           ed. J. Brian Harley and David Woodward, vol. 2, bk. 3, Cartography in the
          
Traditional African, American, Arctic, Australian, and Pacific Societies, ed.
          
David Woodward and G. Malcolm Lewis (Chicago: University of Chicago Press,
           1998), 233.

       Bibliography
       Harley, Brian, and David Woodward, eds. The History of Cartography, vol. 2, bk.
           3, Cartography in the Traditional African, American, Arctic, Australian, and
           Pacific Societies, edited by David Woodward and G. Malcolm Lewis. Chicago:
           University of Chicago Press, 1998.



Author-Date Style

       1st Parenthetical Note
        (Mundy & Woodward 1998, 233) 

       Reference List
       Harley, Brian, and David Woodward, eds. 1998. The History of  Cartography, vol.
           2, bk. 3, Cartography in the Traditional African, American, Arctic, Australian,
           and Pacific Societies
. Edited by David Woodward and G. Malcolm Lewis.
           Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

                               One Author Quoting Another

 

Notes-Bibliography Style

       1st Footnote or Endnote
           15. Louis Zukofsky, "Sincerity and Objectification," Poetry 37 (February 1931):
       269, quoted in Bonnie Costello, Marianne Moore: Imaginary Possessions  (Cambridge,
       MA: Harvard University Press, 1981), 78.

       Bibliography
       Zukofsky, Louis. "Sincerity and Objectification." Poetry 37 (February 1931): 269.
           Quoted in Bonnie Costello, Marianne Moore: Imaginary Possessions. Cambridge,
           MA: Harvard University Press, 1981.



Author-Date Style

       1st Parenthetical Note
        (quoted in Zukofsky 1981, 78)

       Reference List
       Costello,
Bonnie. 1981. Marianne Moore: Imaginary Possessions. Cambridge,    
           MA: Harvard University Press.