Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Citation Guide: Chicago

 Encyclopedia or Dictionary

                          Chicago Manual 14.232-234

 See examples below for:

 

   Encyclopedia

 

Notes-Bibliography Style

       1st Footnote or Endnote
           16. Encyclopedia Britannica (Dec. 4, 2018), s.v. "Sibelius, Jean," http://www
      
.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/542563/Jean-Sibelius.

       Bibliography
       Not needed for well-known encyclopedias

 

Author-Date Style

       1st Parenthetical Note
       (Encyclopedia Britannica, s.v. "Sibelius, Jean," accessed April 13, 2011,   
       http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/542563/
Jean-Sibelius])

       Reference List
       Not needed for well-known encyclopedias

Encyclopedia with Author-Cited Article

 

Notes-Bibliography Style

       1st Footnote or Endnote
           3. Meliss Isaacson,  "Bulls," in Encyclopedia of Chicago, edited by Janice L.
       Reiff, Ann Durkin Keating, and James R. Grossman (Chicago Historical Society,

       2005). http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/184.html.

       Bibliography
       Isaacson, Meliss, "Bulls." In Encyclopedia of Chicago, edited by Janice L. Reiff,
           Ann Durkin Keating, and James R. Grossman. Chicago Historical Society,

           2005. http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/184.html.
 

Author-Date Style

       1st Parenthetical Note
       (Isaacson 2005)

       Reference List
       Isaacson, Meliss. 2005. "Bulls." In Encyclopedia of Chicago, edited by Janice L.
           Ann Durkin Keating, and James R. Grossman. Chicago Historical Society.

           Reiff. http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/184.html.

     Dictionary

 

Notes-Bibliography Style

       1st Footnote or Endnote
           15. Oxford English Dictionary, s.v. "mondegreen," Dec. 2018, http://www.oed
      
.com/view/Entry/251801.

       Bibliography
       Not needed for well-known dictionaries

 

Author-Date Style

       1st Parenthetical Note
       (Oxford English Dictionary, 3rd ed., s.v. "mondegreen," accessed February 1,
       2012, http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/251801)     

       Reference List
       Not needed for well-known dictionaries

 

  Dictionary with Author-Cited Article

 

Notes-Bibliography Style

       1st Footnote or Endnote
           10. Richard Middleton, "Lennon, John Ono (1940-1980)," in Oxford Dictionary of
      
National Biography (Oxford University Press, 2019), http://www.oxforddnb.com/view
       /10.1093/ref:odnb/9780198614128.001.0001/odnb-9780198614128-e-31351.

       Bibliography
       Middleton, Richard. "Lennon, John Ono (1940-1980)." In Oxford Dictionary of
          
National Biography. Oxford University Press, 2019. http://www.oxforddnb
           .com/view/10.1093/ref:odnb/9780198614128.001.0001/odnb-9780198614128
           -e-31351.

 

Author-Date Style

       1st Parenthetical Note
       (Middleton 2019)

       Reference List
       Middleton, Richard. 2019. "Lennon, John Ono (1940-1980)." In Oxford Dictionary
          
of National Biography. Oxford University Press, 2019. http://www.oxforddnb.com
           /view/10.1093/ref:odnb/9780198614128.001.0001/odnb-9780198614128-e
           -31351.